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About Ayodhya

Ayodhya OverviewAyodhya, also popularly called as the “Holy city”, resides on the banks of River Ghaghara and River Saryu and it belongs to the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. Ayodhya city is considered as city of worship. The city is termed as the holy city of India as it is considered as the birth place of Lord Rama and the great Indian epic Ramayana is said to have its origin in Ayodhya. The city is also known as “Saket”. The holy city lies very close to its district headquarters Faizabad. The city, in ancient period, was the capital city of Kosala Kingdom. The city is very popular for its tourist spots especially its shrines of all disciplines for the reason which thousands of tourist visit the city every season. Hindi and Urdu are the most spoken languages in the city and constitutes the residents of all religions and communities.

Geography of Ayodhya

The holy city covers an area of about 10.24 sq km. Ayodhya city is elevated at a height of 93 meters above sea level which is about 305 feet and the city has its coordinates at 26.80° North latitude and 82.20° East longitude. The city forms its boundary with River Ghaghara. The city also has numerous water bodies namely Dant Dhawan Kund, Ram ki Paidi, Vibhishan Kund, Vidhya Kund and Sita Kund apart from many small ponds and taalabs.

The major cities nearby Ayodhya are Faizabad at 6 km, Gorakhpur at 130 km, the state capital Lucknow at 139 km, Allahabad at 173 km, Varanasi at 204 km, Mirzapur at 211 km, Patna at 360 km and Ranchi at 556 km from Ayodhya. The nearby major districts are Gonda at 49 km, Basti at 58 km and Ambedkar Nagar at 59 km from Ayodhya. The city experiences a humid subtropical climate which is very similar in most of the central Indian regions. Days are hot and nights are very cold in Ayodhya.

Climate: Ayodhya experiences a tropical climate, with hot summers, monsoon rains, and cool winters. Summers can be quite hot, with temperatures often exceeding 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), while winters are relatively mild.

ayodhya mandir

Demography

  1. Population: Ayodhya is a city with a population that has likely grown over the years. The exact population figures can be obtained from official census data. The city's population is diverse, consisting of people from various communities and backgrounds.

  2. Religious Composition: Ayodhya is known for its religious diversity, with a significant Hindu population. Given its cultural and historical importance in Hinduism as the birthplace of Lord Rama, the majority of the population is likely to be Hindu. There may also be smaller communities representing other religions.

  3. Language: Hindi is the predominant language spoken in Ayodhya. As with many parts of Uttar Pradesh, various dialects and accents of Hindi are likely to be spoken by the residents.

  4. Cultural Practices: The city has a rich cultural heritage, with religious practices and traditions playing a crucial role. Festivals and religious events are celebrated with enthusiasm, attracting pilgrims and tourists from different parts of India.

  5. Economy: Ayodhya's economy is likely to be influenced by agriculture, trade, and tourism. Agriculture is significant in the surrounding regions, while tourism plays a vital role due to the city's religious and historical importance.

Mythological Origin of Ayodhya

The holy city Ayodhya was founded by Sraddhadeva Manu son of Vivasvat. Sraddhadeva Manu was considered as the first man in Vedas and he was the law-giver for the Hindu religion. As per Ramayana, the city is nearly 9000 years old. Lord Rama the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu born in Ayodhya as per Hindu mythology. As per Ramayana the holy city was the capital of Surya dynasty for many centuries during that period the city was called as Kaushaldesa, while Lord Rama is considered as the most popular and illustrious kings of the holy land. Many Hindu scriptures have their episodes pictured with the holy land Ayodhya as milieu. People also say that the city was founded by King Ayudh.

ram

The eldest son of Vaivasvata Manu King Ikshvaku was the first to rule Ayodhya under Surya dynasty. The other popular kings who ruled the holy city were King Prithivi who was the sixth king of Surya dynasty, Mandhatri, Harichandra who was renowned personality for his truthfulness, Surya Vamsa, Raja Sagar and King Raghu. After King Raghu, Suryavamsa was called as Raghuvamsa. The grandson of King Raghu was King Dasaratha who is the father of Lord Rama.

Religions like Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism thrived in the holy land at varied time periods. The 1st, 2nd, 4th, 5th and 14th Tirthankars were born in the holy city.

Ayodhya is one of the seven holy cities in India apart from Mathura, Varanasi, Maya, Avantika, Kanchi and Dwaraka. Ayodhya is also considered as a source of “Moksha” as per “Garuda Purana”. Skanda Purana consider Ayodhya as the most sacred city in India. Atharvaveda illustrates Ayodhya as “a city built by God and being prosperous as paradise itself". As per Jain Agams Ayodhya is considered as one of the holy cities in the earth that never cease to exist in the course of evolution.

Here is a brief overview of the mythological origin of Ayodhya:
  1. King Dasharatha and His Queens: Ayodhya was ruled by King Dasharatha, belonging to the Ikshvaku dynasty. However, the king faced the sorrow of being childless. To obtain offspring, he performed a yajna (a ritualistic sacrifice) with the help of Sage Rishyasringa. As a result, the gods blessed him with four sons - Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata, and Shatrughna.

  2. Rama's Birthplace: Ayodhya was the capital of King Dasharatha's kingdom, and it was in Ayodhya that Lord Rama, the eldest son, was born. Rama's birth is celebrated as a joyous occasion, and Ayodhya was described as a city of prosperity and righteousness.

  3. Rama's Exile: The narrative of the Ramayana unfolds with Rama's exile to the forest, prompted by the machinations of his stepmother, Kaikeyi. The subsequent events, including Rama's stay in the forest, the abduction of his wife Sita by the demon king Ravana, and the eventual rescue of Sita with the help of the monkey-god Hanuman, are central to the epic.

  4. Rama's Return to Ayodhya: After completing his exile and defeating Ravana, Rama returned to Ayodhya. His return, known as "Rama's Vijaya" or "Rama's victory," is celebrated as the festival of Diwali. The people of Ayodhya welcomed Rama, and he was crowned as the king.

Tourist Places near Ayodhya

Ayodhya, a popular tourist destination in India, is situated amidst many other popular places of interest in Uttar Pradesh like Faizabad at 6 km, Basti at 62 km, Sravasti at 94 km and Pratapgarh at 110 km from Ayodhya city. All these tourist spots are easily reachable from Ayodhya. Tourism plays a significant role in Ayodhya's lifestyle. Pilgrims and tourists visit the city throughout the year, contributing to the local economy and influencing the atmosphere with a vibrant mix of cultures.

Lifestyle in Ayodhya

The lifestyle in Ayodhya is deeply intertwined with religious practices. Residents often participate in religious ceremonies, festivals, and visit temples for worship.

Economy: The local economy is influenced by religious tourism, agriculture, and small-scale industries. Many residents may be involved in businesses related to religious artifacts, traditional crafts, and hospitality services for pilgrims.

Traditional Cuisine: The local cuisine reflects the rich culinary traditions of North India. Residents often enjoy traditional dishes such as kebabs, biryanis, and various vegetarian preparations.

Traditional Clothing: Traditional Indian attire is commonly worn, with women often dressed in sarees or salwar kameez and men in dhoti or kurta. However, like many other parts of India, Western-style clothing is also prevalent.

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